Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Becky: Hi everyone, and welcome back to IndonesianPod101.com. This is Upper Beginner Season 1 Lesson 22 - Talking About Good Times in Indonesian. Becky here.
Fira: Halo. I'm Fira.
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about what you used to do in the past. The conversation takes place at a coffee shop.
Fira: It's between Agung and Maya.
Becky: The speakers are friends, so they'll be using informal Indonesian. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Agung: Kamu berasal dari Jakarta bagian mana?
Maya: Saya dari Sawah Besar. Lumayan dekat dari Pasar Baru.
Agung: Oh saya pernah kost di sana... enak ya banyak pertokoan. Terus gampang cari makanan lagi.
Maya: Iya sih, tapi jadinya bising karena terlalu banyak orang dan kendaraan yang lalu-lalang.
Agung: Memang sih... lain kali, kita makan makanan favoritku yuk di Pasar Baru.
Maya: Iya, boleh...
Becky: Listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Agung: Kamu berasal dari Jakarta bagian mana?
Maya: Saya dari Sawah Besar. Lumayan dekat dari Pasar Baru.
Agung: Oh saya pernah kost di sana... enak ya banyak pertokoan. Terus gampang cari makanan lagi.
Maya: Iya sih, tapi jadinya bising karena terlalu banyak orang dan kendaraan yang lalu-lalang.
Agung: Memang sih... lain kali, kita makan makanan favoritku yuk di Pasar Baru.
Maya: Iya, boleh...
Becky: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Agung: What part of Jakarta are you from?
Maya: I came from Sawah Besar. It's quite close to Pasar Baru.
Agung: Oh, I used to stay in a boarding house there... it was good, right? There are many shops and it's easy to look for food too.
Maya: That's true, but it's gotten noisy because there are too many people and vehicles passing by.
Agung: That's true too... next time, let's go out to have my favorite food in Pasar Baru.
Maya:Okay, sure...
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Becky: In the dialogue, the speakers were talking about Pasar Baru. That’s the oldest shopping center in Jakarta, right?
Fira: It is! It was established in 1820, during the Dutch colonial era. Pasar baru used to be a place for Dutch people to shop.
Becky:And it’s still a popular shopping area these days too. What items would you recommend we check out if we visit there?
Fira: Nowadays, Pasar Baru is mostly made up of shops selling clothing, textiles, shoes, or bags, with street vendors offering foods and drinks along the way.
Becky: I see. By the way, I heard that Pasar Baru was the birthplace of a legendary noodle shop.
Fira: Ah yes. This noodle shop is called Bakmi Gang Kelinci. It was opened in 1957 and now has about 10 locations throughout Jakarta.
Becky: Check it out if you can, listeners! Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Becky: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Fira: bagian [natural native speed]
Becky: part, section
Fira: bagian [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fira: bagian [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Fira: gampang [natural native speed]
Becky: easy
Fira: gampang [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fira: gampang [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Fira: bising [natural native speed]
Becky: noisy
Fira: bising [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fira: bising [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Fira: kendaraan [natural native speed]
Becky: vehicle
Fira: kendaraan [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fira: kendaraan [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Fira: kost [natural native speed]
Becky: boarding house
Fira: kost [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fira: kost [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Fira: pertokoan [natural native speed]
Becky: shopping complex, shops
Fira: pertokoan [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fira: pertokoan [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Fira: lumayan [natural native speed]
Becky: fair, tolerable, decent, not bad, quite
Fira: lumayan [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fira: lumayan [natural native speed]
Becky: Next we have..
Fira: pernah [natural native speed]
Becky: ever
Fira: pernah [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fira: pernah [natural native speed]
Becky: And last..
Fira: lalu-lalang [natural native speed]
Becky: passing by
Fira: lalu-lalang [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Fira: lalu-lalang [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Becky: Let's have a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. In this lesson, we have..
Fira: lalu-lalang
Becky: meaning "passing by" for plural people, for example, pedestrians.
Fira: lalu-lalang is an idiomatic reduplication of the word lalu, meaning “to pass.”
Becky: You can use this expression when you want to express that something or someone is passing by. For example you can say...
Fira: Dia sedang duduk sambil melihat pejalan kaki lalu-lalang di depan kafe.
Becky: ...meaning “She is sitting and watching the pedestrians passing by in front of a cafe.”
Fira: In this sentence, we have pejalan kaki lalu-lalang which means “pedestrians passing by.” pejalan kaki is for “pedestrians” and we have lalu-lalang meaning “passing by.”
Becky: Fira, can we also use this word to talk about a single person or object moving back and forth?
Fira: Actually, in that case you need to use a different word, bolak-balik.
Becky: For example you can say…
Fira: Orang itu dari tadi bolak-balik terus.
Becky: “That person has been going back and forth the whole time.” Here, we have a singular person, not plural.
Fira: You can also use bolak-balik to say that someone has been visiting some place very often within a certain period of time.
Becky: For example…
Fira: Dia sudah bolak-balik rumah sakit untuk berobat.
Becky: It literally means “He has been going back and forth to the hospital for treatment.” Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Becky: In this lesson you will learn how to say that you used to do something in the past. Our first key phrase is…
Fira: saya pernah
Becky: meaning “I used to,” or “I have.” Fira, let’s break this phrase down and look at the meaning of each word.
Fira: Sure. Saya means “I” and pernah is an adverb meaning “to have been once or more” in English. So all together, Saya pernah means “I have been.”
Becky: After that, you can add any verb that you used to do in the past at the end of the sentence. For example, you can say…
Fira: Saya pernah makan durian.
Becky: “I have eaten durian.”
Fira: Saya pernah means “I have been” and makan durian means “to eat Durian.”
Becky: Fira, what if we want to say “I have never” done something?
Fira: In that case you can say saya tidak pernah by adding tidak after the subject. tidak is an adverb meaning “no” or “not.” saya tidak pernah
Becky: So literally it means “I not have been,” which translates in English as “I have never” done something.
Fira: That’s right. You can also use the expression saya belum pernah. Belum is an adverb that means “not yet.”
Becky: So, altogether this phrase literally means “I not yet ever.” Are they interchangeable?
Fira: Yes. Saya belum pernah can be used interchangeably with saya tidak pernah.
Becky: For example, you can say…
Fira: Saya tidak pernah makan durian
Becky: “I have never eaten durian.”
Fira: To mean the same, you can say Saya belum pernah makan durian.

Outro

Becky: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Fira: Sampai jumpa lagi.

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Have you been to Pasar Baru or some other malls in Indonesia?