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Hello and welcome to Indonesian Survival Phrases, brought to you by IndonesianPod101.com This course is designed to equip you with the language skills and knowledge to enable you to get the most out of your visit to Indonesia. You'll be surprised at how far a little Indonesian will go. Now before we jump in, remember to stop by IndonesianPod101.com. And there you’ll find the accompanying PDF and additional info in the post. If you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment.
Indonesian Survival Phrases Lesson 16. Counting 1-10
This lesson is very straightforward, as we're going to cover counting zero through ten. Let's jump right in.
This has two forms: empat and pat
This also has two forms: enam and nam
This also has two forms: nol and kosong
Counting things in Indonesian is very straightforward as the number precedes the thing being counted—except in the cases for "one." Often, the word for "one" satu is reduced to a numeral prefix se-. So, "one person" is not satu orang but seorang. (slow) seorang. seorang. "Two people" follows the regular pattern dua orang, with the numeral first, and then the thing being counted.
With numerals, there are no special plural forms for nouns, nor is there any gender marking in Indonesian. You may have noticed that the forms for 4, empat and 6, enam have shorten form as well. Thus empat becomes pat. While enam 6 becomes nam. Why is this?
Well, Indonesian has a schwa like vowel tike the “a” in “sofa”, called a pepet. And this pepet vowel tends to disappear before stress or accents at syllables. As for the two words for “0”, nol and kosong, the former nol is the proper numeral. While the letter kosong literally means “empty”, that used in pretty much the same way English speakers use the syllable “O” to stand for “zero”.
Okay to close out today’s lesson we’d like for you to practice what you’ve just learned. I’ll provide you with the English equivalent of the phrase and you’re resposible for saying the Indonesian phrase out loud or in Indonesian, dengan keras. You’ll have a few seconds before I give you the answer so selamat sukses, that means "good luck!" in Indonesian.
All right so here we go!
“One” (satu. sa-tu. satu)
“Two” (dua. du-a. dua)
“Three” (tiga. ti-ga. tiga)
“Four” Now remember, there are two possible answers. (empat or pat. em-pat, pat. empat, pat)
“Five” (lima. li-ma. lima)
“Six” Remember, there are two possible answers here. (enam or nam. e-nam, nam. enam, nam)
“Seven” (tujuh. tu-juh. tujuh)
“Eight” (delapan. de-la-pan. delapan)
“Nine” (sembilan. sem-bi-lan. sembilan)
“Ten” (sepuluh. se-pu-luh. sepuluh)
“Zero” Remember, there are two possible answers here. (nol or kosong. nol, ko-song. nol, kosong)
“One person” (seorang. se-o-rang. seorang)
“Two people” (dua orang. du-a o-rang. dua orang)
Alright, that's going to do it for today!
Remember to stop by IndonesianPod101.com and pick up the accompanying PDF. When you stop by, be sure to leave us a comment.