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Lesson Transcript

Halo semuanya, nama saya Fira. Hi everybody! I’m Fira.
Welcome to IndonesianPod101.com’s “Bahasa Indonesia dalam 3 menit”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Indonesian.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use the verb pergi which means "to go" in Indonesian.
In this lesson, we’re going to learn some words that you’ll use a lot in Indonesian conversations. In English, you might use the verb “do” when talking about what you or other people are doing. However, in Indonesian, you use special prepositions like sedang and lagi, which you can put before the actual verbs.
Let’s take a look at the first word, sedang.
(slowly) Sedang.
Sedang is a formal way to talk about something happening right now. It’s like “to be in the process of” doing something, or “at the moment.” It's like “-ing” in English. Let’s see an example.
When you are working, you can say...
Saya sedang bekerja.
Here, saya means “I”, sedang means “be in the process of”, and bekerja literally means ”work.” So altogether, it means “I’m working”.
[slowly] Saya sedang bekerja.
So how would you ask a question with the word sedang?
For example, if you want to ask someone what he or she is doing. You can say...
Kamu sedang apa?
Here, kamu means “You”, and sedang means “in the process of something.” And, apa literally means “what”. Altogether it means “what are you doing?”
[slowly] Kamu sedang apa?
So now, let’s take a look at another progressive tense word, lagi.
Basically, sedang and lagi mean the same thing, but we use lagi in casual situations because it's informal.
For example, if you are having lunch, you can say-
Saya lagi makan siang.
Saya means “I”, Lagi means “in the process of”, Makan means “eat”, and Siang is “daytime”. Altogether, it is “I’m having lunch.”
[slowly] Saya lagi makan siang.
Now it’s time for Fira’s Insights.
When you are using the word lagi, please be careful about its placement because it could change the meaning. For example, if you are reading, you say Saya lagi membaca, "I'm reading." not Saya membaca lagi, because that means ‘I’m reading again”.
In this lesson, we learned how to use sedang and lagi.
Next time we’ll learn a very useful and romantic verb, suka.
Do you know what this word means? I’m sure you have an idea!
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Bahasa Indonesia dalam 3 menit lesson.
Sampai Jumpa lagi!