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Lesson Transcript

Halo semuanya, nama saya Fira. Hi everybody! I’m Fira.
Welcome to IndonesianPod101.com’s “Bahasa Indonesia dalam 3 menit”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Indonesian.
In the last lesson, we learned how to use the negative forms in Indonesian.
In this lesson, we will start to learn about Indonesian adjectives and how to use them properly.
You will see that for adjectives, things in Indonesian are quite easy and straightforward.
So the basic rule in order to use adjectives correctly is that in Indonesian, adjectives go after the noun, unlike in English.
Let’s start with an example- Ini adalah sebuah mobil mahal. This means "This is an expensive car."
Mobil is “car” and mahal means “Expensive”.
So in Indonesian, Ini adalah sebuah mobil mahal, literally means “This is a car expensive”
[slowly] Ini adalah sebuah mobil mahal.
There is no gender in Indonesian adjectives, so the use of adjectives in Masculine is the same as in Feminine. And the usages of singular and plural are similar.
In Indonesia, no matter what someone’s gender is, we use the word Dia to refer to “He” and “She”
Here is another example-
Ini koper dia.
Ini means “This”
Koper means “suitcase”
and Dia means “him /her”
[slowly] Ini koper dia.
Altogether, this means This is his/her suitcase.
Now let’s find out how to turn an adjective from singular to plural.
For example, Anna orangnya baik means "Anna is kind", so if you make it plural, it becomes Mereka, orangnya baik-baik, which is "They are kind.”
Baik means “kind”.
You need to double the adjective to make the plural and sometimes also to emphasize the characteristic.
To practice, let’s see some examples-
If you want to say "Those houses are big" you will say Rumah itu besar-besar.
The same thing applies if you want to say "My brothers are tall". Here, you will say Kakak saya tinggi-tinggi.
But there are some exceptions.
For example, “Concert ticket prices vary”, you will say Harga tiket konser itu berbeda-beda.
Berbeda comes from the word beda which literally means “different”
Berbeda-beda means “varies”.
Also if you want to say “The rainbow is colorful”, you will say Pelangi itu berwarna-warni.
Berwarna comes from the word warna, meaning “color”.
By adding -warni at the end, the meaning of Berwarna-warni becomes“colorful”.
Now it’s time for Fira’s Insights.
If you want to insist on an adjective in Indonesian, you can use the word sangat before the adjective.
As in sangat indah, which is "really beautiful". Please note that indah is used to describe scenery. But you have to say sangat cantik to compliment a girl’s looks. And sangat enak to describe a tasty meal.
In this lesson, we learned how to properly use adjectives in Indonesian and how to agree them correctly with nouns.
Next time we’ll learn the basic uses of the verb pergi, which is "To go," so that you will be able to say sentences like "I’m going to school."
I’ll be waiting for you in the next Bahasa Indonesia dalam 3 menit lesson.
Sampai Jumpa lagi!