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Lesson Transcript

Culture Class: Holidays in Indonesia, Lesson 14 - Feast of The Sacrifice
Hello, and welcome to the Culture Class- Holidays in Indonesia Series at IndonesianPod101.com. In this series, we’re exploring the traditions behind Indonesian holidays and observances. I’m Eric, and you're listening to Season 1, Lesson 14, Feast of The Sacrifice. In Indonesian, it’s called Hari Idul Adha.
The Feast of the Sacrifice is one of the most anticipated celebrations for Muslims all over the world, and they look forward to it each year. On this day, Muslims who can afford it must sacrifice livestock and share the meat with less fortunate people. This celebration is also known as the Lebaran Haji meaning Hajj Celebration Day.
In this lesson, you’ll learn about how this day is celebrated.
Now, before we go into more detail, do you know the answer to this question-
Why is Hari Idul Adha also known as Hajj Celebration Day in Indonesia?
If you don’t already know, you’ll find out a bit later, so keep listening.
During the Feast of the Sacrifice, all Muslims, especially those who are financially well off, must sacrifice livestock, or in Indonesian ternak. A person must offer a sheep or a goat, whereas a cow may be sacrificed on behalf of up to seven individuals. Usually, the meat of the sacrificed animals will be shared with the poor, orphans, or underprivileged people.
Other than sacrificing livestock, some people also carry out local traditions. For the Betawi people, this celebration is not complete without preparing and eating the traditional Betawi sweets called dodol betawi. This delicacy, made of glutinous rice, coconut milk, and palm sugar, is very sweet and must be served during the celebration of Hari Idul Adha. The preparation of this sweet takes quite a while helping it to catch and hold the attention of many individuals passing-by.
In Wates, East Java, cows to be sacrificed are adorned with beautiful decorations before being handed over to the local mosques, or in Indonesian masjid. First, the cows are bathed with flower water, adorned with lei made of seven kinds of flowers, and then wrapped in white cloth, just like a bride. This tradition, called Manten Sapi or Cow Bride, is performed as a form of tribute from the people to the sacrificed animals.
Eid al-Adha is an event that aims to strengthen relationships that is uniquely celebrated in Bone. But it’s not by shaking hands – the people of Bone, South Sulawesi, hold Masempe, a traditional fight in which participants kick each other in order to strengthen their comradery.
On Hari Idul Adha, while the tradition is for well-off families sharing meat sacrifice for others who are less fortunate, this period is also a chance for others to take the Hajj pilgrimage to the holy land. Since Islam is the religion of the majority of the Indonesian population, the number of people departing for a Hajj pilgrimage is quite large. People will come from all over Indonesia in big buses heading to international airports in big cities, accompanied by large groups of families and supporters, making it its own kind of festivity.
So listeners, how did you like this lesson? Did you learn anything interesting?
Have you ever witnessed the slaughtering process that is held on these dates?
Leave us a comment telling us at IndonesianPod101.com!
And I’ll see you in the next lesson!Now it's time to answer our quiz question-
Why is Hari Idul Adha also known as Hajj Celebration Day in Indonesia?