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Lesson Transcript

Fira: Hi everyone! I’m Fira!
Gina: And I’m Gina. Welcome back to IndonesianPod101.com! This is All About, Lesson 12, Top Five Indonesian Classroom Phrases. These are phrases that a teacher would often use in the classroom. We’re going to give you a head start by going over them here! Without further ado, let’s listen to the first phrase.

Lesson focus

Fira: Coba diulangi.
Gina: This means "Please repeat after me." in English.
Fira: The literal translation is just “Please repeat”; Coba meaning “please’ and diulangi meaning “to repeat”.
Gina: You’ll probably hear this a lot in an Indonesian classroom.
Fira: That’s right. Coba diulangi.
Gina: Okay, what’s the next phrase?
Fira: Coba lihat dulu.
Gina: Look at this please. Literally, “Please look first.”
Fira: Here, lihat means “look”. You can also use a different noun after the verb. For example, lihat ini to mean “look this”.
Gina: Could you give us an example sentence?
Fira: Sure. Coba lihat papan tulis putih dulu. Do you know what papan tulis putih means, Gina?
Gina: Yes! “Whiteboard”, right? So this phrase means “Please look at the whiteboard.” Okay, what’s the next phrase?
Fira: Coba baca dulu.
Gina: This means “Please read”.
Gina: Baca is the word meaning “to read”. When the teacher wants you to practice reading words, phrases, or passages, you can expect to hear this phrase.
Fira: That’s right. Coba baca dulu.
Gina: How would you say, “Please read this book”?
Fira: Simple. Just add the word buku meaning “book”, and the word ini meaning “this”, after the verb baca. So, it’ll be Coba baca buku ini dulu.
Gina: Literally, “please read this book first”. What if the teacher wants you to write something? What would he or she say?
Fira: That would be our next phrase.Coba tulis dulu.
Gina: “Please write down.” Literally, it would be “Please write first”.
Fira: Tulis is the verb meaning “to write”. You may have noticed all of the expressions up to now have coba at the beginning. Remember that in a class setting, when you hear this at the beginning, the speaker is asking you to do something. And you might have noticed the word dulu, which literally means “first”, “first of all”, or “before”.
Gina: That makes sense! Okay, what’s the last phrase?
Fira: Mengerti?
Gina: “Do you understand?” Literally, “Do understand?”
Fira: Mengerti is the word meaning “to understand”. In Indonesian, you can simply say the one word with a rising tone to make a question.
Gina: And of course it’s also the equivalent of "Do you understand?"
Fira: Right. And you can see this pattern in other phrases too. Let’s talk about the word baik.
Gina: It literally means “okay” but you can also use this verb when asking a question.
Fira: For example, you can say, Baik?
Gina: “Is everything okay?” It literally means “okay?”
Fira: Just like the previous verb mengerti, you can use just the one word to ask if something or someone is okay or not.
Gina: So, your teacher may ask you this question at the end of an explanation to check whether you understand or not.
Fira: But in other situations it would probably be translated as "Are you okay?"
Gina: Can we hear it again?
Fira: Baik?
Gina: Baik! So let’s recap what we learned in this lesson. Let’s go through all of the phrases one more time. Listeners, I’ll say the English, and you say the Indonesian translation before Fira gives you the answer.
Gina: "Please repeat."
Fira: Coba diulangi.
Gina: "Please look."
Fira: Coba lihat dulu.
Gina: "Please read."
Fira: Coba baca dulu.
Gina: "Please write it."
Fira: Coba tulis dulu.
Gina: "Do you understand?"
Fira: Mengerti?
Gina: There you have it; all five phrases for the classroom!


Fira: Okay, that’s it for this lesson. Thanks for listening, everyone. We’ll see you next time!
Gina: Till then, good bye everyone!
Fira: Sampai jumpa lagi