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Lesson Transcript

Jason:Jason here! Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 8 - Are you Still Hungry for Indonesian Food?
Fira:Hello, I’m Fira and welcome to IndonesianPOD101.com.
Jason:Thanks for being here with us. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about what you want to do.
Fira:So, where does this conversation take place?
Jason:It continues from the last lesson. It’s at the hotel restaurant, and Edi and Wayan are talking about what they will eat and drink there. They speak in formal Indonesian.
Fira:Okay, let’s listen to the conversation.
Jason:Oh, they’re talking about food now. Just thinking about it makes me hungry!
Fira:Do you remember what Edi wanted?
Jason:Yes, it was bubur, right?
Jason:Ah yes, bubur! – “Rice porridge.”
Fira:So Jason, could you explain more about how it’s made?
Jason:It’s quite simple, really. You boil a small amount of rice in a large amount of water or broth. Then you cook the rice over low heat until the broth becomes thick and the rice grains are quite soft and saturated.
Fira:That’s right. And then afterwards, you can put in all sorts of seasonings and other ingredients.
Jason:So Fira, what’s so great about bubur? Why’s it so popular?
Fira:It’s really cheap. I mean, if Edi was not in a hotel, he could get it from a street vendor for about 20 cents.
Jason:That’s very cheap – I guess we’ll have to do a lesson on street food in the future!
Fira:Sure. That sounds like a good idea! But for now, on to the vocabulary.
Jason:Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Fira:The first word is mau.
Jason:which means ‘to want’.
Fira:We first heard it in Lesson 2, but we’re going to learn more about its usage now.
Jason:Could you explain to us when you can use the word “mau”?
Fira:You use this when you want to say that you want something, or to do an activity of some sort.
Jason:That’s right. It’s like ‘to want’ in English. So, where do you put mau in a sentence?
Fira:Well, if you just want an item of some sort, you put mau right before the item.
Jason:Right. Let’s have a sample sentence.
Fira:Saya mau air. Sa-ya ma-u a-ir. (Pause.)
Jason:Air means ‘water’, so this sentence means ‘I want water’. You can see mau was placed in front of the item, “water”. If you want to express your desire to do some activity, where do we put mau?
Fira:You put mau right before the verb in question – it’s that simple.
Jason:It does sound simple. So, how do we say “I want to drink water”?
Fira:Saya mau minum air. Sa-ya ma-u mi-num a-ir. (Pause.) Here, I put Mau in front of the verb ‘minum’ meaning ‘drink’
Jason:That’s right. You just put mau in front of a noun if you want that noun, or in front of a verb if you want to do that activity. Okay, now on to the grammar.
Jason:In this lesson, we’re going to learn the usage of the word ‘apa’ meaning ‘what’.
Fira:The word Apa has a basic meaning, which is ‘what?’ Using this word, let’s ask ‘what do you want to drink?’ in Indonesian.
Jason:Let’s build this sentence word by word. First, let’s see how to ask ‘want to drink?’ How do we ask what one wants to drink or eat?
Fira:Well, remember that we just went over how to use mau, right?
Fira:So what you have to do is to start with “mau” – remember, this means “want” – and then add the verb of your choice.
Jason:Alright, If you want to say “I’d like a drink”, you can put ‘mau’ first, then put the verb meaning ‘drink’.
Fira:So we can say ”mau minum?” (slowly) ”mau minum?”
Jason:which literally means “want to drink?” or ‘do you want to drink?’
Jason:Right – but how do we get from that to ‘what do you want to drink?’
Fira:Well, you simply add “apa” at the end of the sentence. You can put the word mau meaning ‘to want’ – then the main verb, minum, meaning “to drink” then finally the word ‘apa’ meaning ‘what’. All together, you can say “mau minum apa?“–
Jason:Literally, ‘do you want to drink what?’ or ‘What do want to drink?’ Notice that we put the word apa after both the word mau and the main verb minum. This is very different from the way we would ask this question in English, where we put the question word ‘what’ in the beginning, right?
Fira:That’s right. This is an important point.
Jason:Try this with the verb makan, which means ‘to eat’. So, Fira, how do we say ‘what do you want to eat’?
Fira:Well, it’s really simple – all you have to do is to substitute the word apa with a food name.
Jason:We learned “bubur” meaning rice porridge. So, Let’s use this word. Fira, how would we say “I want to eat rice porridge.”
Fira:Saya mau makan bubur. Sa-ya ma-u ma-kan bu-bur.
Jason:Saya mau makan means ‘I want to eat’, then you put the food name. Of course, you can leave out the saya completely? Now, let’s go on to the other grammar point we’re going to cover in this lesson. What about ‘What do you want to eat’?
Fira:We can simply say “mau makan apa”.
Jason:Let’s also take a look at the sentence for drinking. Fira, what are the words for ‘juice’ and ‘water’?
Fira:Remember – ‘juice’ is jus, while “water” is air. Sometimes, you might ask which one someone would like. In this case, you can use the word Apa as well. If you want to say ‘Juice or Water?’ in Indonesian...
Fira:You can say, jus apa air. Jus a-pa a-ir.
Jason:You can simply put the word apa between words. Then it becomes a question where you ask someone to choose one. So how would you say “water or beer”?
Fira:Beer is ‘Bir’ in Indonesian, so you can say ‘Air apa Bir’.


Jason:Speaking of which, that’s it for this lesson.
Fira:See you next time!