Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

Jason:Hi everyone. Jason here! Welcome back to IndonesianPod101.com. This is Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 20 - Can you Say Your Age in Indonesian?
Fira:Hello everyone! I'm Fira.
Jason:In this lesson, we’re going to learn larger numbers in Indonesian.
Fira:The conversation takes place at a restaurant in Yogya. It’s between Edi and his friend Budi and Dewi. They are at Budi’s birthday party. They speak informal Indonesian.
Jason:Okay, let’s listen to the conversation.
Jason:In Indonesian, it’s fine to ask someone’s age even you’re meeting them for the first time, right?
Fira:That’s right. It’s one of the popular conversation topics. So don’t be surprised when someone asks your age even though you just met them.
Jason:But when you calculate your age, you should be careful which calendar you need to follow.
Fira:Right. In most cases, people follow the Gregorian calendar. However, in Java, they follow the Islamic calendar.
Jason:Right, their population is mostly Muslim, so you should also be careful when you look up someone else’s birthday.
Fira:And also in Java and Bali, they have a special calendar system, which is called Wuku or Pawukon. These both come from the root wuku, which refers to a week of seven days.
Jason:And in this system, there are only thirty weeks following the lunar cycle, so there are only 210 days in a year.
Fira:Right. They use this calendar system for determining when they are going to have ceremonies, so please remember this if you make plans to visit Java or Bali.
Jason:Okay, we will. Now on to the vocab.
Jason:Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Fira:In this lesson, we’re going to learn about the time divisions beyond the hour – for example, days, weeks, months, and years.
Jason:Okay. First let’s start with days. Fira, how do we say “day’ in Indonesian?
Fira:Hari. (slow) Ha-ri.
Jason:It means ‘day’. And in the dialogue, we had a phrase that incorporated hari. What was that?
Fira:It was hari ini. (slow) Ha-ri i-ni.
Jason:It means ‘today’.
Fira:Ini means ‘this’ so literally it means ‘this day’.
Jason:Okay, then how can you say ‘week’ in Indonesian?
Fira:Minggu. (slow) Ming-gu.
Jason:And what about ‘a month’?
Fira:Bulan. (slow) Bu-lan.
Jason:It also means ‘moon’, because in the lunar calendar, a month is following the lunar cycle. Okay, so what about ‘year’?
Fira:It’s tahun. (slow) Ta-hun. And one more thing. It is spelled T-A-H-U-N. But when you pronounce this word, the h is not really pronounced.
Jason:Fira, can you pronounce the word again?
Fira:Tahun. (slow) Ta-hun. Tahun. Did everyone hear that? The h is silent.
Jason:That’s a good tip. Okay, let’s take a look at the grammar point.
Jason:In this lesson, we’re going to learn more numbers in Indonesian.
Fira:We learned up to 12 in Lesson 9.
Jason:Could you read from one to 12, number by number, please Fira?
Fira:Sure. Here we go. Satu. Dua. Tiga. Empat. Lima. Enam. Tujuh. Delapan. Sembilan. Sepuluh. Sebelas. Duabelas.
Jason:Okay. what’s the word for eleven again?
Fira:It’s Sebelas. Se- is a prefix which means ‘one’, while belas is the root we use for numbers between 10 and 20.
Jason:Right. To read the numbers after 10, all we have to do is to change the prefix that goes in front of belas.
Fira:In the same way, you can read the next number – duabelas – which means ‘twelve’. Dua means ‘two’, and this comes before belas.
Jason:Ok and how do we continue with ‘thirteen’?
Fira:‘Thirteen’ is tigabelas. (slow) Ti-ga-be-las. Ti-ga means ‘three, and after that, you can simply add the word belas.
Jason:It’s very simple. So let’s count up one by one. I’m going to read the English meaning first, then Fira will read the Indonesian numbers.
Fira:Empatbelas. (slow) Em-pat-be-las.
Limabelas. (slow) Li-ma-be-las.
Enambelas. (slow) E-nam-be-las.
tujuhbelas (slow) tujuhbelas
delapanbelas (slow) delapanbelas
sembilanbelas (slow) sembilanbelas
Jason:And finally, “twenty” is
Fira:duapuluh. (slow) Du-a-pu-luh.
Jason:Okay, Fira. It seems like twenty doesn’t have the word for ten in it.
Fira:That’s right. Let’s break it down. “Twenty” is Duapuluh in Indonesian. Dua means ‘two’ – and puluh is the root meaning ‘ten’. So literally Dua-puluh means ‘Two tens’.
Jason:Okay, so we have ‘Twenty’ now. Then how do you say ‘Twenty one’?
Fira:It’s very simple. You can just say Duapuluh satu. (slow) Du-a pu-luh sa-tu. After the word duapuluh you can simply add the word satu meaning ‘one’
Jason:Yes, all you have to do is to add the numbers from one to nine after the multiple of ten. Then how do you say “thirty” in Indonesian?
Fira:“Thirty” – which is three tens – is simply tigapuluh. (slow) Ti-ga-pu-luh. “Three tens”.
Jason:Okay, I think we can easily make some other numbers now that we know this. Let’s count from 40. I’ll read the English translation first, then Fira will give the Indonesian numbers.
empatpuluh (slow) empatpuluh
limapuluh (slow) limapuluh
enampuluh (slow) enampuluh
tujuhpuluh (slow) tujuhpuluh
delapanpuluh (slow) delapanpuluh
sembilanpuluh (slow) sembilanpuluh
Jason:Okay, then what about “one hundred?”
Fira:It’s seratus. (slow) seratus.
Jason:I think that’s enough numbers for now. And listeners, it’s time for Quiz! Fira is going to give you the number in Indonesian. You’ll get 5 seconds to think about the answer. Are you ready? Here we go.
Fira:Tigapuluh lima (5 sec)
Jason:‘Thirty Five’. And next?
Fira:Tujuhpuluh sembilan. (5 sec).
Jason:‘Seventy Nine’. Okay, just one more.
Fira:Delapanpuluh dua. (5 sec.)
Jason:‘Eighty Two’.
Fira:If you’re not sure how to read Indonesian numbers, feel free to leave us a comment at IndonesianPod101.com


Jason:Okay. That’s it for this lesson.
Fira:Thank you for listening everyone.
Jason:See you next time!