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Lesson Transcript

Jason: Hi everyone, Jason here! Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 1 - Are you Indonesian?
Fira: Halo.! I'm Fira, and welcome to IndonesianPOD101.com.
Jason: With us, you'll learn to speak Indonesian with fun and effective lessons.
Fira: We also provide you with cultural insights...
Jason:...and tips you won't find in a textbook. In this lesson, you’ll learn about how to say your name in Indonesian, and how to tell your nationality to someone else.
Fira: This conversation takes place at a coffee shop. Edi and Tuti are friends, but not close friends. So they will be speaking informal Indonesian.
Jason: Okay. Let's listen to the conversation.
Jason: So, this seems like a good way to start off our series. And don’t forget – it’s also a good way to introduce yourself in an informal conversation in Indonesian.
Fira: And it’s a good way to say where you are from.
Jason: So Fira, what do Indonesian people do after introducing themselves?
Fira: Well, they usually shake hands – the right hand only. Also please make sure you hold people’s hands lightly.
Jason: Yes, don’t grip them tightly – this is seen as overly aggressive and hostile. Also, if you’re a man and are meeting a woman for the first time, it’s best to let her extend her hand first.
Fira: One other thing – the word “mas” that Tuti uses before Edi’s name literally means “older brother”. But it doesn't mean that Tuti and Edi are related, right?
Jason: Right. This is just a common way to show respect to the addressee, depending on his or her age and social status.
Fira: For example, mas is used with young men or young-looking men, especially when they are not married.
Jason: Okay, on to the vocab.
Jason: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Fira: The first words are 'hai' and 'halo' which mean 'Hello' in Indonesian.
Jason: Yes. As you can see, both of these words are borrowed from English.
Fira: They’re from English, but Indonesian people use these greetings very often today, even if they aren't completely “pure” Indonesian. Okay, then let’s talk about the word ‘hai’.
Jason: This is something that you would say to someone who is approaching you, right?
Fira: That’s correct. It’s also used to call someone’s attention – if they’re looking in your direction.
Jason: And anyone can say this?
Fira: Yes, that’s right. And we also have ‘halo’. It’s much like ‘hai’, you can use this to call anyone’s attention.
Jason: In addition, you may use it over the phone, right?
Fira: Using ‘hai’ over the phone is not so common – in fact, it sounds rather odd.
Jason: That’s good to know. Okay, now on to the grammar.
Jason: In this lesson, we're going to learn how to ask someone’s name and nationality.
Fira: Now, let’s start with this phrase. “siapa nama Anda?” This is the most basic way of asking “what’s your name?”.
Jason: The literal translation of this sentence is interesting. "siapa" means ‘who’, "nama" means ‘name’, and "Anda" is one of the ways of saying “you”.
Fira: Oh, so literally, you’re saying “who is your name?.
Jason: That’s correct. It might sound rather strange in English, but in Indonesian, that’s how you ask “what is your name”.
Fira: Listeners, repeat after me: “siapa nama Anda?”
Jason:“What’s your name?”. Okay, then what about asking someone’s nationality? How do you say that?
Fira: You say the word “orang”, which means ‘human’, and then you follow that with the name of a nationality.
Jason: So how do we ask, “Are you American?”
Fira: Orang Amerika? First, say "Orang", then say ‘Amerika’ meaning ‘American’
Jason: OK. How about “Are you Indonesian?”
Fira: Orang Indonesia?
Jason: Alright. Now here’s a slightly more difficult one. How about “Are you French?”
Fira: Orang Perancis? Ah, I see what you’re trying to get at.
Jason: Yeah, the word for “French” – or “France”. So Fira, how do you answer this question? For example, how do you say ‘I’m American?’
Fira: Saya orang Amerika. You can say “Saya Orang” then the country name.
Jason: How about “I’m Indonesian?
Fira: Saya orang Indonesia. //
Jason:What about when someone asks your name? For example, if your name is Fira, how do you say ‘I’m Fira’?
Fira: Nama saya Fira. (Slow) Nama saya Fira. It’s pretty simple, right?
Jason: Good! One more thing I've noticed is that there’s this word "saya" in these responses. What does this mean?
Fira: It’s a polite way of saying “I” or “me”.
Jason: In Indonesian, there are several ways to say “I” or “me”, but many of them have limited uses. So, for right now, you’re safe with using "saya".
Fira: So listeners, don’t forget to check our lesson notes to learn more phrases.


Jason: Okay, that’s it for this lesson.
Fira: See you next time!