Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Jason: Hi everyone, Jason here! Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 1 - Are you Indonesian?
Fira: Halo.! I'm Fira, and welcome to IndonesianPOD101.com.
Jason: With us, you'll learn to speak Indonesian with fun and effective lessons.
Fira: We also provide you with cultural insights...
Jason:...and tips you won't find in a textbook. In this lesson, you’ll learn about how to say your name in Indonesian, and how to tell your nationality to someone else.
Fira: This conversation takes place at a coffee shop. Edi and Tuti are friends, but not close friends. So they will be speaking informal Indonesian.
Jason: Okay. Let's listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Jason: So, this seems like a good way to start off our series. And don’t forget – it’s also a good way to introduce yourself in an informal conversation in Indonesian.
Fira: And it’s a good way to say where you are from.
Jason: So Fira, what do Indonesian people do after introducing themselves?
Fira: Well, they usually shake hands – the right hand only. Also please make sure you hold people’s hands lightly.
Jason: Yes, don’t grip them tightly – this is seen as overly aggressive and hostile. Also, if you’re a man and are meeting a woman for the first time, it’s best to let her extend her hand first.
Fira: One other thing – the word “mas” that Tuti uses before Edi’s name literally means “older brother”. But it doesn't mean that Tuti and Edi are related, right?
Jason: Right. This is just a common way to show respect to the addressee, depending on his or her age and social status.
Fira: For example, mas is used with young men or young-looking men, especially when they are not married.
Jason: Okay, on to the vocab.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Jason: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Fira: The first words are 'hai' and 'halo' which mean 'Hello' in Indonesian.
Jason: Yes. As you can see, both of these words are borrowed from English.
Fira: They’re from English, but Indonesian people use these greetings very often today, even if they aren't completely “pure” Indonesian. Okay, then let’s talk about the word ‘hai’.
Jason: This is something that you would say to someone who is approaching you, right?
Fira: That’s correct. It’s also used to call someone’s attention – if they’re looking in your direction.
Jason: And anyone can say this?
Fira: Yes, that’s right. And we also have ‘halo’. It’s much like ‘hai’, you can use this to call anyone’s attention.
Jason: In addition, you may use it over the phone, right?
Fira: Using ‘hai’ over the phone is not so common – in fact, it sounds rather odd.
Jason: That’s good to know. Okay, now on to the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Jason: In this lesson, we're going to learn how to ask someone’s name and nationality.
Fira: Now, let’s start with this phrase. “siapa nama Anda?” This is the most basic way of asking “what’s your name?”.
Jason: The literal translation of this sentence is interesting. "siapa" means ‘who’, "nama" means ‘name’, and "Anda" is one of the ways of saying “you”.
Fira: Oh, so literally, you’re saying “who is your name?.
Jason: That’s correct. It might sound rather strange in English, but in Indonesian, that’s how you ask “what is your name”.
Fira: Listeners, repeat after me: “siapa nama Anda?”
Jason:“What’s your name?”. Okay, then what about asking someone’s nationality? How do you say that?
Fira: You say the word “orang”, which means ‘human’, and then you follow that with the name of a nationality.
Jason: So how do we ask, “Are you American?”
Fira: Orang Amerika? First, say "Orang", then say ‘Amerika’ meaning ‘American’
Jason: OK. How about “Are you Indonesian?”
Fira: Orang Indonesia?
Jason: Alright. Now here’s a slightly more difficult one. How about “Are you French?”
Fira: Orang Perancis? Ah, I see what you’re trying to get at.
Jason: Yeah, the word for “French” – or “France”. So Fira, how do you answer this question? For example, how do you say ‘I’m American?’
Fira: Saya orang Amerika. You can say “Saya Orang” then the country name.
Jason: How about “I’m Indonesian?
Fira: Saya orang Indonesia. //
Jason:What about when someone asks your name? For example, if your name is Fira, how do you say ‘I’m Fira’?
Fira: Nama saya Fira. (Slow) Nama saya Fira. It’s pretty simple, right?
Jason: Good! One more thing I've noticed is that there’s this word "saya" in these responses. What does this mean?
Fira: It’s a polite way of saying “I” or “me”.
Jason: In Indonesian, there are several ways to say “I” or “me”, but many of them have limited uses. So, for right now, you’re safe with using "saya".
Fira: So listeners, don’t forget to check our lesson notes to learn more phrases.

Outro

Jason: Okay, that’s it for this lesson.
Fira: See you next time!

195 Comments

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IndonesianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Welcome listeners! Can you introduce yourself in Indonesian?

IndonesianPod101.com Verified
Monday at 09:21 AM
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Hello Alice,


Thank you for your comment. I hope you enjoy our lessons! 😊


Selamat belajar!


Salam,

Sarah

Team IndonesianPod101.com

Alice
Sunday at 01:16 AM
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Hallo, nama saya Alice. Saya orang Amerika.

IndonesianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 10:22 AM
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Hi Alan,


Very good! Thanks for commenting.


Salam,

Sarah

Team IndonesianPod101.com

Alan Ridley
Friday at 08:45 AM
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Halo. nama saya Alan.

saya orang Australia.

Alan Ridley
Friday at 08:40 AM
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👍

IndonesianPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 05:58 PM
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Hello Valerie,


For noun phrases, we say the main noun first followed by the modifier, for example balon biru (English: blue baloon).


Now, "saya orang" in your example is not a noun phrase. The noun phrase is "orang Indonesia" that means Indonesian person. Again, the main noun "orang" is followed by the modifier "Indonesia".


Hope this helps,

Sarah

Team IndonesianPod101.com

Valerie
Friday at 06:58 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Halo,

Nama saya Valerie. Saya orang Chili :)


Question:

Why do we say "nama saya ___" -"saya" comes second-

and then in "saya orang ___" -"saya" comes first-


"The possessor always comes after the possessed thing, unlike in English."


Sorry for the dumb question :)

IndonesianPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:33 AM
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Halo Mai,


Bagus sekali! Very good. Thank you for leaving your comment! Selamat belajar ya :)


Salam,

Sarah

Team IndonesianPod101.com

Xuân Mai
Tuesday at 08:27 PM
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Hallo,

Nama saya Mai.

Saya orang Vietnam.

IndonesianPod101.com Verified
Friday at 01:21 AM
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Hello Bi from Australia,


Thank you for dropping a comment comment. Perfect introduction! :)


Salam,

Sarah

Team IndonesianPod101.com